The project Integration of multispectral and agroclimatic data in the management of a vineyard for decision-making in viticulture [EAFRD 2016/05B] is part of the projects of the Task Forces of the European Association for Agricultural Innovation (EIP-Agri), which supports pilot projects for the development of new products, practices, processes and technologies in the agroforestry field, of the Ministry of Rural Environment and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). EIP-Agri projects are dedicated to promoting sustainable agriculture and forestry to achieve more with less. EIP-Agri is part of the European Strategy 2020 for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.

This project is developed through a Galician Operational Group made up of the companies 3edata, Bodega Terras Gauda, Seresco and the research centres Misión Biológica de Galicia of the Spanish National Research Council and the University of Santiago de Compostela. It is oriented towards precision viticulture taking advantage of new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), as well as monitoring. The aim is to use climate and soil variables and multispectral data obtained through drones (RPAS) and satellite images to define homogeneous management areas, introducing new technologies to the vineyard management protocol. The aim is to improve the quality of the vineyard by optimising production costs and the impact on the natural environment. In this way, the more efficient use of energy and external resources in the production process is promoted.

3edata is the coordinator of the project, and is responsible for obtaining, processing and analysing very high spatial resolution data collected by remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS). The objectives of the project are:

• Increase the competitiveness of the production system by implementing an optimal production prediction algorithm for the vineyard, whose input data will be obtained from images taken from RPAS at key phenological moments of the vineyards development.
• Increase the sustainability of the production system by mitigating the environmental impact through the optimization of differential fertilization adjusted to the vineyard. Soil fertility monitoring methods will be improved by generating fertilization maps based on possible soil transfer functions that can correlate vineyard reflectivity with nitrogen deficiency through the study of multispectral images before and after fertilization.
• Reduction of production costs and resource consumption through recommendations on selective grape harvesting based on grape quality groupings obtained by studying patterns in multispectral images at veraison and agroclimatic variables involved in grape development and ripening.

This project has a financial aid of 148,604.55 euros corresponding to the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) fund within the framework of the Galician Rural Development Plan 2014-2020.